Инновации и эксперимент в образовании

Abstract 2017. PDF Печать E-mail


№3 2017

Yachmeneva M. V. FORMATION OF A SISTEM OF PARENTAL COMPETENCE AS A FACTOR  OF SOCIAL SOSTAINEBILITY  OF A YOUNG FAMILI

Abstract. Existing problems and contradictions, linked to an imbalance of all areas of the social system, influence in a negative way joung people's ideas and significantly distort the institution of family and marriage. Studies of social and pedagogical problems of modern young families on the basis of interdisciplinary approach show a growth of alarming trends of generation's alienation and a disharmony of marital and parent-child relationship. These trends are accompanied by loss of prantal comptence system. It determines a break of social and cultural foundations of a joung family and replacement of a traditional way within a family life image by signs of a modernized family.

Keywords: institution of family, marriage, prantal comptence, social sostainebility, joun family.

Schinova Natalya А. SUPPORT FOR CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL NEEDS IN THE EVENING (SHIFT) SCHOOLS AS AN DIRECTION OF MODERN EDUCATIONAL POLICY

Abstract. The substantiation of the need to provide support for children with special educational needs in the educational process of evening (shift) schools. The leading approach to the problem are student-centered, acting practice-oriented research tactics, allowing to understand that the main direct result of support for children with special educational needs, with respect to this research, is the development of the potential of the individual, the formation of readiness for self-development and self-determination.

Article Submissions may be useful to scientists studying the issues of introduction of inclusive education into the national education system, professionals involved in the organization of training in evening (shift) schools and teachers working in the educational institutions of different types, students of pedagogical universities and other interested parties.

Accompanying children with special educational needs in terms of evening (shift) schools is important direction of modern education policy focused on individual personal support to the student, the process of its development and self-discovery.

Keywords: children with special educational needs, support, the principle of individuation, pedagogical support.

Shubnyakova Natalya G., Khasyanova Alfiya M. Organization of the project activity of students in the modern conditions of the general education school

Abstract. In the conditions of the introduction of the new federal state educational standard of secondary (complete) general education, the issue of organizing project activities in the school arises. The authors attempted to answer this question, the main aspects of the organization of the project activity are presented: the principles are formulated, the features of the organization and content process are highlighted.

Keywords: organization of project activities, types of projects, principles and content of project activities.


Sidenko Alla S., Sidenko Elena A. Educational work in the Pedagogical College: from theory to practice

Abstract. Introduction. Purpose: to identify a complex of organizational-pedagogical conditions that ensure the effectiveness of the educational activities of teachers College to describe the most authoritative and accessible scientific and practical work.
Methodology. As research methods and structuring of the article was chosen as an analytical overview of the research scientists and practitioners.
The results are expressed in the conducted analysis of existing approaches to educational work in the College learning process in the classroom; in the process of additional education on the basis of the functioning of creative teams – vocal, dance, instrumental, historical and Patriotic societies, etc.); in extracurricular activities – within the framework of both traditional non-traditional activities (creative workshops, events with the social partners, class hours, exhibitions, museums, excursions, hikes, etc.; in the work on formation of healthy lifestyle of students; self-education; in co-management; work with the parent staff of the College.
Scientific novelty consists in a substantiation of the relevance problem of organization of educational work at the pedagogical College.
Practical significance of the work may lie in the fact that the obtained results can be used to develop programs of educational work at the pedagogical College, the development of training programs of teachers College.

Keywords: lecturer, teachers College, educational activities, the concept of education, the Charter, the regulation on educational work.

Paskhalova Larisa N., Dolgopolova Irina V. Project approach: program development gymnasium

Аbstract. The aim of the investigation is to generalize the experience on implementation of the Program of development of educational institution that allows providing high quality of education in the conditions of introduction of Federal Educational Standards of New Generation. The possibility of implementation of the Program of development of educational institution through introduction of system-activity and project-based approach which connected nine sub-programmes in one complex (structured in three modules) is shown. It includes introduction of Federal State Educational Standard (FSES), an international exam, development of a pro-gymnasium, formation of the personality, ongoing support to gifted children, extension of innovative culture of teachers, efficiency of management and development of organizational system, and also development of culture of school meal.

Keywords: development program, new quality of education, Federal State Educational Standards (FSES), system-activity approach, educational projects.

Yu.D.Ovchinnikov, Yu. А. Prokopchuk, G. P. Shiyanov FEATURES OF STUDYING AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE TRAINING PROGRAM OF "BIOMECHANIC OF MOTIVE ACTIVITY"

Abstract. The article discusses the features of learning and curriculum development at the stage of preparation of bachelors in the specialties of sports direction. Experience of teaching courses in "Biomechanics", "Biomechanics of motor activity" allows you to offer directions for the development of the curriculum, which reflects the basic and additional elements of its development, influencing the level of training.

Keywords: training program of bachelors, concept, biomechanics of motive activity, specialty, statics, kinematics, dynamics of a body, kinesiology, motility of the person, professional competences.

Nefedova Galina Formal, non-formal and informal education: the differentiation of concepts

Abstract. The article substantiates the urgency of the problem of differentiation of the concepts of formal, non-formal and informal education at the present stage. As a conceptual indicator for the differentiation of these concepts are considered "degree of organization forms of educational activities." From the point of view of the degree of organization of a particular form recovers and clarifies the meaning of the terms formal, non-formal and informal education.

Keywords: forms of educational activities; degree of organization forms of educational activities; formal education; informal education; informal education.

A.V.Mudrik Method of studying the social sphere: participant observation

Abstract: the characteristic method of participant observation and its brief history; highlighted features included the position of an observer studying a particular section of the social sphere; called the sociological, psychological and pedagogical methods used in the process of participant observation; identify the advantages and disadvantages of participant observation in the social sphere.

Keywords: social sphere, observation, position included the observer methods.

Maximova Larissa Yurievna PREPARATION OF PEDAGOGICAL SHOTS CONCERNING REALIZATION OF GENDER APPROACH IN EDUCATION

Abstract. Article is devoted to problems of formation of competence of teachers regarding  questions of realization of gender approach in education and gender socialization of pupils that represents special relevance in the sphere of training for the educational organizations of residential type which carry out separate training of boys and girls.

Keywords: vocational training, gender approach, mono-gender environment, gender and sensitive environment, gender socialization, gender equality, femininnost, maskulinnost.

Maria A. Kusakina TUTOR SUPPORT OF MUSICALLY GIFTED CHILDREN

Annotation. The article deals with the concepts of "tutoring" and "tutorial support" in relation to the process of teaching musically gifted children in institutions of secondary professional music education. The functions of the tutor are considered and groups of such functions are defined for work with musically gifted children. In support of the selected groups of functions and the individual needs of musically gifted children three tutoring options have been designed, which can be realized in an average professional music educational institution.

Keywords: tutorial support, musically gifted children, options for tutoring.

Kamyshanova Elena A., Terakowska Tatiana V., Kulinicheva Oksana  An integrative approach to formation of ecological competence of students

Abstract: This article describes the experience of work of pedagogical collective of Lyceum № 3 on the formation of ecological competence of students. The system presented in the context of educational, extracurricular and academic activities. The authors reveal the basic concepts in the field of ecologization of the educational process, represent stages in the formation of a new type of ecological consciousness of students. The article reflects the results of the multidimensional activities of the school in the direction of development of ecological culture. The content of the article will be of interest to heads of educational institutions, developing an innovative model of school development on the basis of programs of ecological safety, in the context of International and Russian concepts of environmental education.

Keywords: environmental education, ecological education, ecological consciousness, the model of noospheric education.

Vodyakha Julia E., Voroshilova Olga O. PSYCHOLOGICAL READINESS OF OLDER TEENAGERS TO THE UNIFIED STATE EXAMINATION IN TERMS OF EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

Annotation. The aim of the research described in the article is a scientific inquiry of informative  and structural fullness of the concept “psychological readiness of students for passing the Unified State Exam”. Despite the existence of scientific researches about the category "psychological readiness" in scientific psychological literature, in the present day, the category "psychological readiness for the passing of the USE" is rarely referred to.  At the same time, it is exactly, the psychological readiness of high school students for the final control and evaluation procedure that largely determines the degree of success and effectiveness of the Unified State Exam.

Key words: readiness psychological readiness for the exam, the older adolescents, the factor structure of psychological readiness.

Anzina Tatiana I., Rozhina Ekaterina Yu. Strategy of influence as a reference point for the formation of the manager's corporate competence

Abstract. This article introduces the characteristics of the psychological personality types of managers and materials of the latest research in the field of management. The authors analyze the influence of behavioral stereotypes on the organization of collective performance, the adoption of innovations in the company and the style of interpersonal company communication. The connection of the personality of the leader with the quality of teamwork is emphasized and the possibility to vary the leadership style according to the situation is proved. The training course offered by the authors is developed within the framework of the disciplines "Foreign Language" and "The Second Foreign Language" for future managers in the field of hospitality and service and is one of the ways to implement the concept of professional linguodidactics concerning the professionalization of students in the course of studying a foreign language. The authors recommend using the accumulated scientific experience for forming the corporate competence of students as perspective managers and acquiring team-building skills.

Keywords: professional linguodidactics, corporate competence, leadership styles, a psychological type of personality, innovator, performer, analyst, empathic, team-building, situational management.

 

№2 2017

Dmitriev A. A., Galkina V. A. Theoretical basics of base regulative learning skills forming with mentally disordered primary school children

Abstract. Introduction. The present article is devoted to theoretical consideration of basic learning skills by primary school children with mental disorder in the light of competence approach in education. Authors conducted analysis of up to date status of basic learning skills development. The pedagogical and physiological aspect, difficulties of control skills learning are shown. Authors adduce the analysis of GEF and special educational program for mentally disordered children. On the base of obtained data the criterion of basic learning skills development for mentally disordered primary school children are determined.

Goal. Theoretical analysis of forming base control skills issue with mentally disordered primary school children (psychological, pedagogical and methodological aspects.

Methodology and methods. Actionable approach, step-by-step theory of basic skills learning.

Results. Skills which shows learning skills forming; skills which includes basic learning skills.

Scientific novelty. Indicators of the formation of control skills with primary school children with mild mental disorder and criteria for assessing the state of control skills in educational activities with children of this category are singled out and justified.

Practical significant. The results of the research can be used in work with primary school children with mild mental disorder, for training students and advanced training courses.

Keywords: control skills, mental disorder, basic learning skills, pedagogical conditions.

Dyakova I. V. The contents of the stable harmonically developing space of primary schoolchildren’s extracurricular activities while teaching English

Abstract. Introduction. In the article the contents are justified and teaching primary schoolchildren the English language techniques using physical exercises are offered. The complex of physical exercises is oriented to the development of the basic body’s functional systems. Together with learning a foreign language it allows to solve the problem of children’s health improvement. A considerable part of the article is devoted to the description of the course’s acquisition efficiency control procedure. The motor sample of evaluation has been included to the control procedure.

Purpose. Development and assessment of integrative teaching primary schoolchildren the English language using physical exercises during extra-curricular activities.

Methods and techniques. Analyses of scientific literature and courseware dealing with the problem of the investigation, synthesis of the approaches to the learning the English language and physical culture, formative experiment, surveillance, monitoring, instrumental control.

Scientific novelty. The contents and conditions of integrative teaching the English language primary schoolchildren using physical exercises are justified.

Practical significance. The model of extra-curricular activities integrating English and physical culture classes is developed and assessed.

Keywords: physical exercises, the English language, integrative learning, primary schoolchildren, extra-curricular activities, physical development, intellectual development, intelligence, control.

Evtyugina A. A., Khudyshkina T. V. Project method in aesthetic rearing and art education

Abstract. Substantiates the relevance of the problem in connection with the requirements of the Legislation of the Russian Federation. Represented signs project. We give definitions of "project method", "engineering technology", " project-based learning", "learning project". Sanctified methodological framework and background. Determined by the properties of the method of projects. The issue addressed in the context of different categories of children: an early, pre-school, secondary, and school-age children with disabilities who have mental disorders. The examples of practical application of a method of projects in aesthetic education, based on the authors' experience, the rationale of their effectiveness.

Keywords: project method, engineering technology, training project, project-based learning, aesthetic education, art education.

Lobachev D. A., Abdrahimov V. Z., Shorshneva M. G. Improving environmental education contributes to the development of a «green» economy

Abstract. The paper presents the environmental studies conducted in the last decades in many countries showed that the increasing devastating impact of anthropogenic factors on the environment brought her to the brink of crisis. In connection with sharp deterioration of the ecological situation, the necessity arose to deliberate the formation of a new mentality of environmentally sound and sustainable development. However, the population of Russia, for the most part, not aware of the approaching environmental disaster, became indifferent to the preservation of nature and environmental protection. This unawareness, according to most researchers, has arisen due to an extremely low level of environmental education. Environmental education should start from early childhood. Children are especially susceptible to the good, they are inquisitive. It is at this time should be to lay the moral foundations, to develop a sense of beauty, the ability to see the beauty of nature. It is very important that at this age next to the child was smart, competent coach, able to develop the origins of ecological culture.

Modern low level of environmental education in the country, do not meet in any way the severity of the environmental problems do not result from the absence or insufficiency of legislation. Rather, it is the lack of state policy in the field of environmental education, education and awareness at the Federal level.

Keywords: «green» economy, environmental conditions, research, disaster, low education, moral foundations, nature, culture.

Lyakh, J. A. The quality of preschool education in the Russian Federation

Abstract. According to the Federal State Educational Standards of preschool education on the basis of ECERS-R rating scale a Model for Longitudinal Study of the Preschool Education Quality in the Russian Federation was developed. The implementation of the proposed Model for Longitudinal Study of the Preschool Education Quality in the Russian Federation using the appropriate information tracking system for expert study was considered. There are the conclusions on the results of the model in key areas: subject-spatial environment, child care, speech and thinking, types of children's activities, interaction, structuring the program, parents and staff. The promising areas of research were mapped out.

Keywords: model, longitudinal study, preschool education, quality, rating scale ECERS-R, information tracking system for expert study.

Mudrik A. V. Dissimulee  education  in countercultural  organizations

Abstract. A characteristic of one of the types of education — dissociating. Considered counter-cultural organizations as a factor of desocialization of the individual, identifies their characteristics, revealed the constituent parts of dissociating education. Are characterized by a trend, exacerbated by the negative impact dissociating education on the socialization of the younger generations.

Keywords: dissimulee education, counter-cultural organization, desocialization, anti-social consciousness and behavior

Novikova G. P., Novikov V. S. Theoretical basis of support of innovative activity of the teacher in educational institutions

Abstract. The article discusses the theoretical basis of support of innovative activity of the teacher in educational institutions. The authors discuss not only theoretical approaches to solving this problem, but also summarize your experience working on these issues in the systems of training and additional vocational education teacher.

Keywords: innovation in educational institutions, psychological, pedagogical, tutor support, teacher, personal growth, «Development Zone», self-development.

Sidenko A. S., Sidenko E. A. Teacher of the pedagogical college as the subject of the educational process

Abstract. Abstract. Introduction. The problem is considering what the modern teacher of pedagogical college should be like and what kind of new content is introduced into the concept that that the modern teacher is the subject of the educational process. Among the scientific studies of dissertation research the authors analyzed there are 125 studies on education of students in a teacher training college and of these, only 10 studies consider the activities of the college teacher; among 59 papers only 5 are devoted to the teacher of college. Therefore, there is a task to analyze the works dedicated to the activity of a teacher of pedagogical college in order to identify requirements for the model of the teacher and to develop on this basis training programmes aimed at addressing the problems identified.

Objective: to uncover the most authoritative and accessible research on the topic, to conduct its analysis.

Methodology and techniques of research. Analytical survey of research of scientists and practitioners was chosen as means of structural and logical organization of the article and its methods and tools.

The results are expressed in the conducted analysis of existing approaches to development and professional growth of the teacher of pedagogical сollege as a subject of educational process who implements the system of the basic principles, functions, methods and means of their realization in the construction of the educational process.

Scientific novelty consists in substantiation of the relevance of the problem, in identification of the existing approaches to the development of professionally significant qualities of the teacher.

Practical significance of the work may lie in the fact that the results obtained can be used in the construction of the professiogram of the teacher, in the development of programs of professional training of college teachers.

Keywords: college teacher, activities, subject of activity of the teacher, psychological and pedagogical competence

ChupinaV. A., Fedorenko O. A. Formation of reflection in the process of students’ social adaptation

Abstract. The process of students’ social adaptation is effective with a specially organized reflexive activity, in the course of which its level and directivity are manifested. Integration of reflexive repertoires determines the qualitative characteristics of social adaptation.

Purpose. To study students’ understanding of relationship of reflection phenomena and adaptation in social medium based on the analysis of students' work, written in the genre of an essay on the problems of searching oneself in a society, ways and sense of personal development, methods and mechanisms of self-realization in a society.

Methods and techniques. The methodological basis of the study is the psychological and pedagogical concepts of reflexive self-organization. In the empirical research, the method of content analysis of students’ reflexive writings and essays in English was used.

Scientific novelty. The influence of reflection (its directivity and level, reflexive repertoires) on the process of students’ social adaptation is determined.

Practical significance of the study consists in the development of teaching methods for the formation of students' reflection in the process of social adaptation.

Keywords: reflexive directivity, reflexive repertoires, levels of reflection, social adaptation

Shirokii` V. A. Methods and techniques of subject formation of skills at pupils of primary school history lessons: achievements and challenges

Abstract. This publication presents an analysis of the views of local educators, theorists and methodologists on the problem methods and techniques of formation of subject-specific skills in history. The author examines such substantive skills as the ability to draw conclusions, compare the historical phenomena, processes, plan, diagrams of causal relationships, the ability to perform historical analysis. The formation of these subject-specific skills at the lessons of history, combined with the systematic formation of students ' techniques of learning activities and mental operations contribute to the development of cognitive interest of students, develop the ability to independently transfer knowledge and lessons modeled on the ways of mental activity, develop thinking. It is concluded that the results of studying history students largely depend on the possession methods of teaching and not all teachers build educational work on the basis of specific techniques, the problem of methods of teaching history is still relevant, needs further development in order to give to the teacher of a particular teaching material, which is a set of scientifically justified and experimentally approved methods and techniques of forming subject-specific skills students in history.

Goal. to determine the set of methods and techniques of forming the subject of the train-ing action, to identify forms from secondary school students in history lessons.

Methodology and methods of research. As a methodological basis for the formation of subject educational actions addressed the systemic – activity approach.

Results. The result of the study is to model the formation of the subjection (group learn-ing) learning activities, revealing in the relationship of the goals, contents, forms, methods of formation of subject (group learning) learning activities the pupils at the lessons of history.

Scientific novelty. is a systematic and holistic view of the process forming the subject of the educational action in the form of a model that reveals the purpose, content, methods and forms, the structure of the subject of the educational action; in determining the combination of activities of pedagogical conditions of realization of the model.

Practical significance. The developed approach is proposed for use at the refresher courses of teachers of history.

Keywords: General education, subject-specific skills, the lessons of history, the formation of subject-specific skills, methods and techniques of teaching.

Shubnyakova N. G., Khasyanova A. M. Organization of the project activity of students in the modern conditions of the general education school

Abstract. In the conditions of the introduction of the new federal state educational standard of secondary (complete) general education, the issue of organizing project activities in the school arises. The authors attempted to answer this question, the main aspects of the organization of the project activity are presented: the principles are formulated, the features of the organization and content process are highlighted.

Keywords: organization of project activities, types of projects, principles and content of project activities.


№1 2017

E. Malevanov, N. G. Kalashnikova, T. V. Bolotina, E. N. Zharkova. New evaluation procedures in the national system of teacher growth on the basis of accounting estimates graduates of past years

One of strategic tasks of schools is stimulation of pedagogical workers to professional development on the basis of  strengthening of objectivity, openness and transparency of evaluation of their work. Article opens new approaches to estimated procedures in system of teacher’s growth on the basis of the accounting school graduates evaluation system of teacher growth. Authors presented the material prepared within realization of actions of Federal target program of development of education (FTPDE), a task «Development of modern mechanisms and technologies of the general education».

Purpose: development and implementation of technology accounting of results of the per-sonified assessment teaching staff graduates of last years.

Methodology and techniques of a research: according to requirements of the professional standard of the teacher  and federal state educational standards of the general education complex indicators and criteria of evaluation of  pedagogical workers are systematized; describe the key procedures of expert assessments.

Results: the essence and purpose of technology, its purpose, task, criteria, indicators, the main models of the personified assessment of pedagogical workers by graduates of last years, ways of the account and use of results of this assessment are described.

Scientific novelty: a technique developed by the inclusion in the national system of teach-er’s growth of new assessment procedures, which are based on records of the results a personal-ized assessment of teachers graduates of last years.

Practical significance: steps described technique of use technology accounting teaching staff evaluation of the graduates of last years in the general education organizations. The tech-nology allows you to build public ratings of school teachers on the basis of estimates of graduates of last years, to make reasonable decisions on stimulation, the direction on training (professional development according to the specific program providing elimination of  the revealed professional deficiencies), and program planning individual professional development of teachers.

Keywords: teacher growth, personalized evaluation of activity of the teacher, high school graduates, the teacher’s  model of growth, the weighting factor, rating system, criteria, indicators.


Lev V. Mardahaev, Natalya I. Nikitina, Tatyana V. Vasilyeva. Culture project activities specialists socionomic («help») profile: the context of the development of the system of recurrent education The purpose of this article is to define theoretical and methodological foundations of the development process in system «College — University — additional vocational training» the culture of project work of specialists «help»  profile (social pedagogues, psychologists, social workers, lawyers, social services, etc.).

The methodological basis of research is presented in this article are as follows: the methodology is pedagogical design of educational processes and systems; methodology of social planning and project management; cultural studies approach to the development of recurrent vocational training. Research  methodology included: analysis of the content of normative legal documents that regulate the continuous

professional education of specialists «help» profile and their professional activities (in particular, the national standards «the Psychologist in the social sphere», «social work Specialist», etc.); multivariate analysis (using mathematical methods) empirical materials obtained in the result of many years of experimental work; using the methodology of a formative experiment, the methods of the deferred control to volitalization the received data.

Results. To substantiate the essence of the culture of the project activity specialists «help» profile personnel profile analysis considered the requirements of their professional culture, the specifics of social engineering, analyzes the international and Russian experience in the sphere of development of this culture in the system of recurrent education. Given the characteristics of social projects for the development and implementation of which is necessary to prepare students «help» professions.

Scientific novelty. Developed characteristics of the structural components (motivational and volitional, cognitive, eclectic, activity-operational and reflexive-acmeological) culture project activities specialists «help» profile, functions of the culture (value-ontological, integrative information, professional-adaptive, transformative, productive, analytical and constructive).

Practical significance. The value of these results for practice is confirmed by the fact that from 2006–2016 in the recurrent system of vocational education was approved developed by the authors of the informative and methodological support of the process of culture development project activities of the specialists of «helping» professions. The article can be used by colleges, universities, organization of additional professional education for the improvement of the process of culture development project activities of students.

Keywords: culture project activities, specialists «help» profile, recurrent education, social projects


Elena Prilipko. Assessment in competence-based education: building teacher’s conscious competence Introduction. The article discusses the issue of assessment of learning outcomes in the context of competence-based higher education, which calls for novel approaches to systematic professional development of in-service teachers.

General purpose. To build competence in assessment among the teaching community in academia, novel methodological approaches are proposed to in-service teachers’ professional development in the area of assessing competence-based learning outcomes through facilitating change in teachers’ attitudes to assessment as an integral part of the educational process.

Research methodology. Axiology-based approach and a four-stage conscious competence learning model are proposed as a methodological basis for teacher professional development in the area of university students’ learning outcomes assessment.

Results. As a result, an innovative model of professional development programme for continuous education institutions of professional teachers’ development is offered, which is aimed at developing the conscious competence in assessment of students’ competence-based learning outcomes.

Academic novelty. As a teacher development pathway to form the competence in assessment within the framework of continuous education, a four-level scale of the competence acquisition is used, namely “unconscious incompetence — conscious incompetence — conscious competence — unconscious competence” with emphasis laid on achieving the level of conscious competence. The axiological approach employed emphasizes changing the

teachers’ attitude in assessment from measuring the learning outcomes achieved by the students to scaffolding the process of their achievement.

Practical significance. The approach developed is suggested for use in institutions of continuous education for professional development of in-service university teachers of various specialisms.

Acknowledgements. The author thanks the faculty of the department of foreign languages at the Academy of professional development of educators for their support in the piloting of the programme presented.

Keywords: competence-based education, assessing competences, in-service teacher development, conscious competence learning model.


O. V. Takanova. Research in efficiency of professionally orienting content of foreign language training at non-linguistic university

The article speaks about the role and potential of the discipline «Foreign Language» at a non-linguistic university, particularly, at Russian State Agrarian University. The objective of the discipline «Foreign language» in this context may be not only formation of foreign language competence in the professional field, but also students’ professional orientation as a means of realization of the principle of professional orientation in the training of bachelors. The necessity of students’ professional orientation by means of general education disciplines is determined by the university entrants’ insufficient formation of motivational and semantic sphere regarding their future professional activities that leads to the fact that majority of alumni work not in accordance with their directions of training.

Professional orientation is realized due to selection of the respective component of the content based on adequate requirements and use of effective ways of actualization of the component. The criterion of assessment of professionally orienting content at non-linguistic university is such a characteristic as professional awareness.

Aim. Theoretical substantiation and experimental testing of effectiveness of professionally orienting content component.

Methodology and research methods. Observation, interviewing, students’ survey and testing, expert judgement method, pedagogical modelling, statistical data processing and interpretation. Testing of the developed didactic material and proposed theoretical statements was carried out in the framework of pedagogical experiment.

Results. Research results were being introduced in the process of longitudinal (2007–2016) experimental foreign language training of students at Moscow State Agroengineering University named after V. P. Goryachkin and at Russian State Agrarian University-MAA named after К. А. Timiriazev.

Scientific novelty. Owing to developing of requirements to selection of professionally orienting component of the educational content, organization and actualization of professionally orienting content component of the discipline

«Foreign language» at the non-linguistic university are substantiated.

Practical significance. The handbook on German language «Agricultural engineering is always promising» promoting successful development of professional orientation is introduced in the learning and teaching process.

Keywords: foreign language, non-linguistic university, professional awareness, content of education, employer requirements, criterion, information.


N. N. Belozerova, S. N. Antonova.Functions of cognitive dominants «contiguity» and «substitution (selection)» in mаstering foreign languages in the academic process

The aim of the article: — to track the role of such cognitive dominants as «contiguity» and «substitution» involved in studying of a foreign language as part of educational process.

Methods. The methodology of the research is based on the analysis of students’ cognitive dominants and communication failures in the study of foreign languages at pre-B2 level. Сommunication failures take place due to instability in students’ minds of neural semiotic, semantic and syntactic relationships between reality and correlated units of a foreign language.

Results and scientific novelty. The authors conclude that under pre-B2 level, students’ verbal behavior is very similar to aphasic. «Contiguity» and «substitution» are considered hidden reserves for efficient assimilation of a foreign language. They are not stable and depend on the type of activity involved into the study of a foreign language. Taking into consideration students’ cognitive dominants allows to understand the way information processing takes place. Unconscious is gradually getting replaced by rational choice and brings to a decrease in the number of speech deficiencies of a foreign language learner.

Practical significance. The proposed approach sees the modern student as a multi-modal personality. This is fully consistent with the modern view of the human being as «(1) a person processing information + (2) a person making himself and the world + (3) a person interacting with nature and machine.» These properties allow making the process of foreign language learning more efficient.

Keywords: cognitive dominant, aphasia, contiguity, substitution, concept, language sign, intertext.


Marina N. Filatova. Creation of the unified educational space for sociocultural development of schoolchildren by means of the integration of general and supplementary education

Introduction: The scientific article focuses on sociocultural development of schoolchildren, which becomes of a special importance in the modern context. One of the key means of handling this issue is the integration of general and supplementary education, which is one of the most important methodological approaches to improving the quality of education in Russia.

The purpose of the project was to offer a mechanism of cooperation between the institutions for general and supplementary education that would ensure performing out-of-school activities in accordance with the requirements of the Federal State Education Standard for general education.

Research methods included analysis of pedagogical literature and regulation documents of the Russian Federation, modeling of the pedagogical process and consolidation of the pedagogical experience.

Results: The author developed a model of sociocultural development of schoolchildren, which ensures their involvement into various cultural practices in the system of music and aesthetic education.

Scientific novelty: The author developed a model of sociocultural development of schoolchildren by means of the implementation of cultural practices in the system of music and aesthetic education. This model involves formation of the unified educational space for developing socially important personal qualities.

Practical importance: The project presents the practical methods of organization of out-of-school activities with the use of resources of educational institutions for supplementary education. The mechanism of cooperation between the institutions for general and supplementary education by means of the implementation of additional general education programs of the introductory level can be used for the organization of various cultural practices in out-of-school activities, which ensure personal enhancement of schoolchildren.

Keywords: general education, supplementary education, integration, out-of-school activities, sociocultural development of schoolchildren, music education, cultural practices


Innovations in educational institutions

Valery V. Sibirev. Experiment to study the dynamics of innovation «introduction of information and communication technologies by the educational organizations of the Ulyanovsk region»

We are studying the results of the experiment which analyzed the structure of information flows innovations in educational organization. We trace the dynamics of change in information flows at different stages of development innovations.

Methods and technique. We propose the model of the system «the introduction of innovations in the educational organization». It is based on the synergetic methodology, the system and process approaches. We have performed an experiment to study projects «the introduction of information and communication technologies by the educational organizations of the Ulyanovsk region». The results were processed by methods of cluster and factor analysis.

Purpose of work — to identify and correlate the structure, that exists in a variety of numerical attributes of the system «the introduction of innovations in the educational organization», and the structure of the information flows of innovation, to follow the dynamics of the joint changes in the unity of the theoretical and statistical models.

Results of research. In the system «the introduction of innovations» movement of information occurs along the horizontal flows. This is accompanied by a sequence of information choices that the system remembers. Order of fulfillment information choices and their management functions strictly defined. As the filling of horizontal flows, vertical flow formed, including «trees of goals and outcomes» and channels that are responsible for filling of system by resources. The main factors (underlying generalized characteristics that define the structure of the innovation) are changed. They unite the parameters that correspond to the information choices on the respective parts of information flows currently.

Scientific novelty. The main factors change during the introduction of innovations. It makes it possible to trace the dynamics of functioning of information flows. Consistent «excitation» of zones of information flows occurs at different stages of the introduction of innovations.

Practical significance. Diagnostics «excited» information flow zone is important in the management of the crisis system. In the «excited» zone small impacts (including — information) have a significant influence on the choice that the system does. The development of practical applications for the diagnosis of the current state of innovation is important to innovation management practice.

Keywords: innovation, information flows, information and communication technologies, education organization, management function, the main factors, cluster.


Sergey Danilov, Love Shustovа. Innovative educational activity organizations in the region in the context of modern scientific approaches

The article is an example of the organization of experimental and innovative activity of educational institutions of the Ulyanovsk region, united by participation in a regional program for the development of innovative processes (RIPs).

We sell for nearly a quarter century, RIP program formed the basis of the innovation infrastructure in the region’s  education system. This was made possible thanks to the fact that participants in the program RIP — experimental  platforms and scientific and methodical centers — implement scientific research and research based on a variety of scientific approaches. Identification of these approaches and their relationship with the content of innovation  of educational institutions have become the target of this article.

Using as a primary method of research analysis of documents, among which ryh regulatory framework and institutional plan RIP software program, intermediate-WIDE and summary reports on the results of innovative activity of educational-governmental organizations, the authors were able to identify the scientific approaches, actively used the participation of nicknames program. Through the prism of the implementation of the system, the activity, competencetion, axiological, akmeologicheskogo, individually oriented, kulturologicheray, of environmental, and gender-based cluster of scientific approaches analyzed themes and content innovation program participants RIP. The main result of the conducted analysis was to identify the necessary basis for concluding interconnection variety of scientific approaches used by educational institutions in the organization of innovation and success of the SPS program.

The novelty of this study was the understanding of innovative teaching practices through the lens of scientific approaches and concepts to be implemented in educational Organization’s region. Ulyanovsk experience in the implementation of scientific approaches in experimental activities in the field of education can be recommended for innovative infrastructure development in other regions of the country, which leads to the practical significance of danterm paper.

Keywords: experimental and innovative activities, regional innovation infrastructure, innovation in education and development program innovational processes in educational institutions, scientific approach, systematic, activity, competence, axiological, akmeologichesky, learner oriented, cultural, environmental, cluster, gender approaches in education.


O. B. Akimova, Y. A. Moskvina. Multimedia mind-maps in the English teacher’s job ....

Thanks to the general computerization any teacher should think differently and use modern information technologies actively. The method of creating «mind maps» is not a new one, but now there are a lot of multimedia tools that make mind maps and process of learning a foreign language more interesting and creative. In this article the authors give examples of working with mind-maps that have been tested in practice.

Keywords: mind-maps, higher education, information technology, multimedia, technology

 
Инновации и эксперимент в образовании