Инновации и эксперимент в образовании

Municipal education: innovation and experiment 2018 PDF Печать E-mail

№2 2018

Polovova V.S., Reut D.V. The basis of the expedency of the application of pedagogical facilitation in the process of professional self-determination of pupils

The actuality of the subject is connected with the urgent need of developmentand  implementation of new pedagogical approaches to the professional self-determination of pupils. The author discusses the possibilities of pedagogical facilitation and analyzes the potential of this approach. The author indicates the projected results of the deployment of the process of pedagogical facilitation of professional self-determination. These results can consist in readiness of schoolchildrenfor periodical self-assess of their personal characteristics and their professional potential; forcollisions connected with situations of professional uncertainty and forthe dynamism of the changing world of professions. Pupils must be ready for further "self-directed" learning, for implementation of independent actions aimed at acquiring practical skills and specification ofprofessional intentions.

Keywords: professional self-determination of pupils, pedagogical facilitation, facilitation of professional self-determination.

Abdullina Lilja B. Golovneva Elena V. Emelyanova Tatjana V. Game activity as a means of forming the communicative culture of senior preschoolers

Abstract: in the article questions of formation of communicative culture of the senior preschool children in the conditions of children's educational institution are considered. The significance and place of the plot-role play in the educational process is revealed. The characteristics of the senior preschooler and the features and character of the formation of communicative culture of children of the senior preschool age are given. The social significance of the formation of the communicative culture of senior preschool children by the means of the plot-role game for the future of their becoming as a personality is determined.

Keywords: communicative culture, leading activity, story-role play.

Appolonova A. A. Correctional and rehabilitation work with minors in day care groups

Annotation. The article analyzes the correctional and rehabilitation work on the prevention of neglect with minors in day care groups of the institution of social protection of the population. The main task of this work is to identify at an early stage families with children in a socially dangerous situation, to help strengthen the family, to address the complex social, social, socio-psychological, socio-pedagogical, social and legal problems. Research methods: theoretical analysis of scientific sources, systematization and generalization of the data obtained. The results of the work: the analysis of the possibilities of corrective and rehabilitation work on the prevention of neglect with minors in the day-to-day groups of the institution of social protection of the population, focused on social services, assistance and support for minors who are in a difficult situation of life.

Key words: social work with minors, correctional and rehabilitation work, day care groups, social support and protection, prevention of neglect.

Trofimova Elena D. Spiritual culture as a methodological orientator in musical education of schoolchildren

Annotation:The article is devoted to the of the problem of the development of spiritual culture of young schoolchildren in the process of perception of musical art. Specific perculiarities of spiritual communication of young schoolchildren  at the lessons of music are distingwished at the article. The author stresses the methodical positions which help the child to open his spiritual world to enrich it with the help of musical art.

Key words:spiritual culture, young schoolchildren, musical art, methods of problematic education

Alekperova L. A Technology to Give Module-typed Information to Upper Class Pupils on Economic Upbringing

Summary.The article is dedicated to the giving information related to economic discipline. The main role is given to the analysis of the giving information on the economic discipline in the form of module kind information. The author of the article justifies his ideas on module kind information technologies related to economic discipline from the pedagogical and and methodical aspects. The main references in this article are the international sample on module kind information. In this article, the entrepreneurship activities and ideas on creating small business are based on USA economic policy. The main issue in the article is clarifying the role and formation of the module kind information related to economic discipline in upper class and X-XI class pupils.

Key words:module training, business activities, small business, middle business, economic discipline, teaching entrepreneurship discipline,  individual proprietary, property sights.

Ivanov M. V. Internet dependence as one of problems of modern society

Annotation. this subject is actual as technical modern information is a system of the created means and instruments of production today, and also ability and art to carry out labor process by means of computer technologies which, including, and the Internet are widely applied in many spheres of society: educational, medical, production and so forth. In this article the author examines the man's place in the information technology world, which depends on the development and introduction of new technologies, science-based, like the two sides of a single process of socio-economic development of society.  It is established that use of the computer and computer technologies to a large extent improves our life and promotes comfortable communication with world around by means of information environments and the Internet which has unlimited opportunities today: as a perennial spring of information, an available way of acquisition of skills and knowledge, the irreplaceable assistant in work and business. In the article the concept of Internet addiction as one of the serious problems of modern society, stated the advantages and disadvantages of computer technology, as well as provides results of Internet addiction study by testing a known method Kimberly Young and modified questionnaire.

Keywords.Information technical means, computer technology, personal computer, Internet, levels the internet addiction.

Sosnovskaya E. M. Revisiting the competitiveness of high school students

ANNOTATION

The article formulates the concept of competitiveness of personality. It shows the connection of competitiveness of personality as a pedagogical category with the competitiveness of other objects and subjects as properties manifested in the process of interaction. It identifies key significant features and characteristics of competitiveness as a quality of personality. It also emphasizes the social character of competitiveness as a quality of personalityshown in society.

The article defines relevance and main directions of formation of competitiveness of personality by pedagogical methods inhigh school age based on the use of features of personality of high school students.

Method of research. In the process of research, a systematic approach has been applied to determine the essence of multi-factor concept of competitiveness of personality in pedagogy based on competitiveness in other areas, as well as to specify the concept of competitiveness and ways of achieving it in the aspect of education and upbringing of high schoolstudents.

Scientific novelty.Thearticle proves the key importance of adolescence for the formation of competitive personality qualities and defines mental peculiarities of a high school student to emphasize pedagogical efforts in the direction of the formation of competitiveness.

Practical significance. Proper consideration of the features of personality of high school studentswillallow to successfully formcompetitiveness within the framework concept of education in modern conditions. The issues outlined in the article can be furtherelaborated for the development of promising pedagogical methods and programs for the formation of successful individuals.

KEY WORDS: competition, personality, competitiveness, competitive resource, teaching methods, high school students.

 

Abdrakhimov V. Z.,  Pavlov A. L.,  Arakelyan I. G,  Kalanov V. V.,  Petuganova N.A. The impact of environmental education on physical culture and sports

Given in the last decades, ecological studies in many countries showed that the increasing devastating impact of anthropogenic factors on the environment brought her to the brink of crisis.

The state of environmental education in Russia does not meet the requirements of the present time. It should be noted that the obtained knowledge about nature, society, and mankind is not sufficient to build in young people a holistic understanding of the world and the modern scientific worldview.

Knowledge of common patterns of physiological possibilities of the adaptation of man to various climatic and geographical conditions, to physical loads depending on the environmental laws, will allow to justify the principles of their relationship, aimed at preserving and strengthening human health.

The need for environmental education for specialists in physical culture is important because its activity is directly related to human health and the environment has a significant impact on the process of its formation.

Key words: ecology, environmental education, physical education, sport, health, exercise.

Levanova E.A.,  Kozhevnikova M. N. Integration of foreign students into the educational environment of the Russian university

Abstract.

The article concerns the interconnected appropriateness lying at the base of nationally oriented approach to the creating of organizational and pedagogical conditions for foreigners’ study at Russian universities. The mentioned approach allows to make the process of foreigners’ integration into the educational environment more successful.

Purpose. Reveal of contradictions between the demand to the graduate of Russian university (both personnel and professional) and the social request that determines the academic aims of a foreign student, searching the ways out of these contradictions.

Methods and techniques.Analysis of the actual scientific approaches allowing to take into account the specificity of teaching the citizens from different countries. Generalization and classification of nationally stipulated foreign students’ characteristics.

Scientific novelty. Basing on a wide range of scientific resources we separate the terms “nationally oriented” and “ethno oriented”. We divide the foreign student’s characteristics into the ethno-differing(language, culture, mentality, national self-consciousness, system of values) and ethno-educational (traditional methods and measures of teaching, cognitive style, academic motivation, behavior habits, level of the acquired competences etc.). The proved principles of the nationally oriented approach are the following: the principle of ethno-pedagogical determinism, supposing education to be always oriented at the pedagogical measures natural to the representatives of the certain nation, appropriate to their traditions and socio-psychological peculiarities, formed under the influence of specific political, economic and cultural development; the principle of practical expediency, which determines the conditions to apply this specificity; principle of acculturation aims in education, that allows to interiorate the professional knowledges in terms of intercultural communication. The model of pedagogical system facilitating the foreign students’ integration into the academic environment of Russian university is projected.

Practical significance. Realization of the mentioned principles will permit to find the balance between the needs of the foreign students and the possibilities that Russian universities possess. We explain how the organizational and pedagogical conditions for foreign students can be corrected. This will permit to overcome the organizational, content, linguistic, sociocultural and other difficulties which are different for national contingents. As a result, the quality of Russian education and its popularity abroad will rise. This will help to achieve the Russian government goals to increase the number of foreign students coming to Russian universities.

Keywords: foreign students, integration into the educational environment, nationally oriented approach, principle of ethno-determinism.

Vrublevskaya E. G., Loginova L. G., Nikitaeva M. V.  Organizational model of the coworking center as a new format of institutionalization of social interaction and mutual learning of students of pedagogical specialization and citizens aged 60+»

Abstract.

Introduction.The issues of designing management systems coworking center as a new organizational structure in the educational organization are of scientific and practical interest today. On the periphery of the research attention is still scientific development and practical testing of new organizational models coworking center and their variations to create a space of social interaction, mutual learning and joint activities of people with different jobs and different ages.

Aim. To present and describe a set of ideas for developing a non - standard organizational model of coworking center.

Methodology and research methodology. The development of the organizational model is based on a systematic approach and the position of the theory of management, the ideas of the theory of generations and conceptual guidelines of continuing education.

Results. The article presents the organizational model of coworking center in the framework of the Institute of continuing education in the GAOU "Moscow city".

The scientific novelty consists in the development and description of the organizational model of the coworking center for social interaction, mutual learning and joint activities of people with different employment and of different ages as a novelty based on the scientific validity of the proposed solutions.

Practical importance consists in application of the developed model in real practice of the current management system of the Institute of continuing education of MSPU. The presented model can become a reference point for designing coworking centers in specific educational organizations.

Keywords: quality of personal life, coworking, coworking center, organic model of organization, dialogue form of management, matrix structure, creative Manager, Manager, project authority, the system guarantees the functioning.

Gilfantinova D.R. Overcoming psychological difficulties and adaptation of graduate psychologists to  professional activity.

Abstract. Introduction. This article regards problems of psychological-pedagogical adaptation of graduate psychologists to professional activity. Theory and technology of context education is taken as the means of this adaptation. Key components of successful adaptation are found – cognitive, psychological and behavioral. Quantitative indicators of the forming experiment that has shown the effectiveness of this approach are given.

Goal.The goal of this research is resolution of the problem of graduate psychologists’ adaptation during the period of passing from educational to professional activity, as well as decrease of psychological difficulties in the beginning of the professional career.

Methodology and method of research. Theory and technology of context education is presented as the methodological basis of raising the effectiveness of adaptation of graduate psychologists to professional activity. Its principals and content are most adequate to the purpose of shortening the adaptation of graduate psychologist to professional work, as this approach to education models subject, social and moral content of the student’s future professional activity.

Results. The result of the research is creation of the specific psychological-pedagogical model of graduate psychologists' adaptation to professional activity, as well as the decrease of the young specialists’ psychological difficulties.

Scientific novelty. Development and integration of full psychological-pedagogical model of graduate psychologists' adaptation to professional activity from the position of the theory and technology of context education is made. This approach has proved its effectiveness experimentally as it models subject, social and moral content of the student’s future professional activity. Recommendations for using the pedagogical technologies of context education in the process of realizing psychological-pedagogical model of graduate psychologists' adaptation are developed and introduced.

Practical significance. Developed method has wide practical significance, because reducing the educational period of the “psychology bachelor” program by one year in comparison to the specialist program requires extra attention to the quality of the professional training of bachelors as well as masters in psychological field. Results and conclusions of the given research can be incorporated in the educational process in order to raise the quality of psychologists’ preparation and to shorten the period of their adaptation to professional activity.

Keywords:adaptation of graduate psychologists to professional activity; psychological-pedagogical theory of context education; effectiveness of technology of context education in solving the problems of adaptation of graduate psychologists to professional activity.

Shohina Gunn I.The problem of formation of responsibility in the context of the educational environment

ABSTRACT

Introduction. The article deals with the problem of formation of students' responsibility and the author's definition of students' responsibility is given. The educational environment of contextual type and pedagogical conditions providing effective formation of responsibility are described.

Purpose. The aim of the research is to identify the optimal conditions and pedagogical technologies of contextual education allowing to form responsibility as a key competence.

Methodology and methods of the study. As a methodological basis of responsibility formation the theory of contextual education is considered.

Results. The result of this research is the definition of an enabling environment and teaching technologies of contextual education in order to create responsibility as a key competence of a specialist.

Scientific novelty. The productivity of reliance on the theory and theory and technology of contextual education for the formation of responsibility as a key competence of the specialist is shown.

Practical significance. The developed approach is proposed to be used in educational programs to form responsibility as a key competence of a specialist.

Key words: responsibility, theory of contextual education, pedagogical technologies of contextual education, contextual educational environment.

Desyatnik I. The role of theory contextul education in the formation of common cultural competences of a specialist  in conditions of competence approach to education.

ABSTRACT

Introduction. The article deals with the problems of formation of common cultural competence of a specialist in terms of competence-based approach to education. The role and significance of the theory and technologies of contextual education in this process are analyzed. The important role of separate provisions of the theory of contextual education for formation of common cultural competences of the expert is noted.

General purpose. The purpose of this study is to show the role and importance of the theory and technologies of contextual education in the formation of common cultural competencies of a specialist in terms of competence-based approach to education.

Research methodology. The theory and technologies of contextual education are considered as a methodological basis for the formation of common cultural competencies of a specialist in a competitive approach to education.

Results. The result of the study is to determine the role of the theory of contextual education for the formation of common cultural competencies of a specialist.

Academic novelty.The role of theory and technologies of contextual education as a psychological and pedagogical platform for the formation of common cultural competencies of a specialist is shown.

Practical significance.The elements of the theory of contextual education, which play an important role in the formation of common cultural competence of a specialist in terms of competence-based approach to education.

Key words:theory of contextual education, common cultural competence of a specialist, competency approach.

№1 2018

Seryakova Svetlana Bronuslavovna, Levanova Elena Aleksandrovna, Pushkareva Tan’yana Vladimirovna

Social and pedagogical competence as a basis to realize understanding and development of an expert him/herself as the subject of own life and professional activity is considered in this article. When conditions of professional activity of a social sphere expert: the systemacy and the collective nature of professional activity focused on a person, as well as the value and semantic orientation of professional activity being taken into account, this aspect is of special importance.

The model of ‘integrated identity’ (V. S. Merlin) has acted as a methodological basis of this study. The substantial analysis carried out has shown that the allocated components of social and pedagogical competence are not only in statistical interrelation, but have also connected integrated characteristics.

It allowed to formalize structure of social and pedagogical competence of interaction and construct an operant model. The results received have shown that the adaptability level as the fundamental characteristic of a subject possibility to interact with the environment and the personal level which defines idea of a social sphere expert of his/her personal and professional future act as the basic and functional defining components. The structural and defining component has been distinguished the intelligence development level which defines strategy and tactics of the expert solution of both global problems of personal growth, and tactical tasks of professional activity.

Keywords: social and pedagogical competence, conceptual model, operant model.

A. B. Serykh, I. I. Kapalygina. Designing the process of health saving of schoolchildren in the information and educational space

Annotation. The article is devoted to the design of the process of schoolchildren's health saving in the conditions of information and educational space. Designing is included in the context of management activities, practical science and is considered as a cultural form of innovation in education. The article reveals the conditions, the creation of which stimulates the effectiveness of the process of health saving of schoolchildren, describes technologies and methods, the application of which contributes to the formation of students' competence. The possibilities of educational and extracurricular activities in education are demonstrated, which makes it possible to carry out this process purposefully and pedagogically efficient. In this article it is proved that educational and pedagogical activity, carried out with the use of active methods of training according to the scheme of subject-subject interaction, has effective advantages over individual activity.

Key words: health preservation of schoolchildren, pedagogical conditions, information and educational space, technologies, active methods of teaching, pedagogical activity, competence of health saving.

Leonid Lourie. The educational process requires a unique, pedagogically convinced training system in order to secure it participants

Abstract . The problems of ensuring the safety regulations of participants in the educational process require a unique, pedagogically verified education system are considered. In the context of intensified terrorist activities of extremist groups, a direct threat to the existence of educational institutions has arisen, requiring revision and creation of new principles of work, the adoption of special approaches to the organization of the educational process. Some pedagogical tasks are indicated that need to be addressed in the process of forming an educational system that allows to maintain the safety of the educational process participants. Each task has no unique solution, but it is designed to promote understanding of new realities in educational activities, individualized to students and differentiated by the forms and methods of organizing the educational process specific to each particular school.

Key words: security of educational institutions, violence, educational system, culturological approach to educational process, humanistic pedagogy.

Е. А. Sidenko. The question of the facilitation process in the system of additional professional pedagogical education

Abstract. The article is devoted to the process of facilitation and the facilitator in the system of advanced training of educators. The structure of the facilitator's activities, its functions and the role of facilitation in the context of implementation of the federal state educational standard.

Key words: facilitator, professional activity, professional development, personal meaning, motivation.

M. R. Tsomaeva, E. V. Mirzoeva. Motivation as a management function sports organization

Abstract: The article describes the importance of motivation as a function of the management of the sports organization. Considered the modern theory of motivation (athletes) in the sports organizations.The dependence of the results of the work of sports managers through motivation to achieve the goals of sport organizations.

Keywords: motivation, sports organization, sports Manager, athletic needs.

Tatyana M. Dmitrieva. Educational organization in the conditions of formation of competitiveness

Introduction. The article deals with the problem of choice of management strategies for the organization of additional education in a competitive educational environment.The author provides an overview of the scientific literature on the theory of management, reveals the essence of the various management functions in the formation and development of the competitiveness of the educational organization.

General purpose.The aim of this study is to identify the best ways to choose management strategies that contribute to the competitiveness of the educational organization.

Research methodology.The methodological basis of the study was the works of Russian and foreign authors in the field of management theory of educational organization, as well as the work of foreign scientists in the field of marketing and advertising.

Results. The result of this article is an analytical review of the degree of development of the problem.

Academic novelty.The analysis allowed to put the problem of research: how to choose the model of management support of competitiveness of the organization of additional education of children in modern conditions

Key words: competitiveness, strategic management in the organization of additional education, management functions, choice of management system

T. P. Dobromyslova. The reading of popular scientific texts as scanning/skimming types of reading in the context of learners’ career guidance

Abstract:

In this article reading popular scientific texts is considered as scanning/ skimming reading. The author defines the levels of the reader’s competence and describes their content in correlation with several components of the readiness that allow the learners to reach the highest level of the reader’s competence while they read popular scientific texts.

Key words: popular scientific texts, scanning/ skimming, semantic reading, competence approach, readiness, the levels of the reader’s competence

 

L. A. Kharisova, Tezata M. Shukaeva. Structural-functional model the implementation of the succession in educational complexes

Abstract. Restructuring of educational institutions and creating educational complexes aimed at improving the quality of General education. However, the integration of educational organizations in complex actualizes the problem of continuity between levels of General education, and horizontal correlations of the educational system. To increase the level of continuity, we should first develop mechanisms for the implementation of the succession. Such a mechanism is structural-functional model, which includes substantial blocks of pairing purposes, educational technologies, subject content, administrative functions, and development functions of the educational system: analysis, design, promotional, diagnostic.The developed model is based on the methodology of development of educational systems of academician V. S. Lazarev and theories of organizational development. Based on this methodology, the secondary complex is regarded as an innovative educational organization engaged in the development, dissemination and implementation of innovations.

Keywords: educational complex, the development, continuity, structural-functional model, innovative activity, educational process, pairing the educational system, a divisions, or function.

Valentina V. Tarakanova, Alexander I. Romanenko, Natalia G. Solovyova. Dynamics of valuable orientations at student’s age

The value orientations that shape the subject's orientation, which largely determine the direction of the individual's social behavior in his daily activities are considered in the article. Value orientations perform an integrative role in society, forming the most stable core of the social system. Students represent not only the advanced detachment of youth, but also a highly cultured part of society, acting as an innovative reserve and potential elite of society as a whole, which accumulates in its ideas the potential for future political, cultural and economic transformations in society.  The aim. Psychological features of value orientations in young people of student age. Technique and methods. Culturological and philosophical approaches were used in understanding the relationship between subjects of the educational process and empirical methods: observation, questioning, testing.

Scientific novelty. It is noted that the value orientations in the student age are manifested in: a high level of personal values; universal human values; goal setting. Values ​​are generally accepted ideas of people about the goals and ways of achieving them, which prescribe to them certain socially accepted ways of behavior. They form the basis of moral principles. Young people and their values ​​are a big, complex and urgent problem. A young man needs to determine the boundaries of his real possibilities, to find out what he is capable of, to establish himself in society.
The values ​​of young people are common ideas shared by the general part of the youth as to what is desirable, correct and useful.

Practical significance. Students of the studied universities among the terminal values ​​put first the value of a financially secure life. In the last place, they put the values ​​of nature and art and the value of others' happiness.

Among the instrumental values, the value of independence is significant. The least important among the instrumental values ​​is the value of tolerance for the views and opinions of others. Among the terminal values, students put the materially secured life first, the last - the beauty of nature and art and the happiness of others.

In our work, we analyzed the problems of value orientations, examined the characteristics of value orientations of young people, and organized and conducted a study of the value orientations of young people. As a result, it was found out that there are practically no significant differences in the value orientations of the students in the universities being studied.
All the results obtained in the course of our research are, naturally, a reflection of the particular problems of the two studied universities and cannot be transferred to the entire category of students, but it seems to us that we have discovered some general patterns of the dynamics of the student's value orientations.

Key words: values, dynamics of value orientations, goal-setting, comfort, students, traditions, crisis, practical-specialized integration

Sarah J. Dodueva. Fundamentals of educational planning for the future of the complex continuity of continuous education

Annotation. The article proposes the development of an algorithm for effective planning of actions to improve the continuity of links between the levels of the educational complex, providing a transition from the existing to the desired, modernized system of the educational complex in the framework of continuity and continuity of education.

Keywords: Algorithm of planning and implementation of changes in the system of continuity and continuity of education in the educational complex, monitoring and evaluation of changes.

Valeriy M. Bykov, Anna V. Bykova. Analysis of goal-setting as an indicator of the subjective orientation of the educational process

Abstract. Goal-setting is considered as one of the most important driving components of the educational process. There is a description of the studying tools of the goal-setting process of the educational activity subjects. The results of the questionnaire survey of a sample group of students from four Russian pedagogical universities are analyzed. Ranking of the university students’ goal set is implemented. There has been done a comparison of the results of the first-year students’ goal set analysis and the entire sample group as a whole. To create some etalon ranking of the goals the authors made analysis of questionnaires of more than 130 school teachers with experience of at least two years. After the analysis of the done study there were found out main indicators of the subjective oriented educational process.

Keywords: goal-setting, goal sets, educational process, subjectivity, personal qualities.

Yu. Tsarapkina, M. Petrova. Reflexive technologies in the information and communicative environment as a factor of self-development

Abstract. The possibilities of information and communication environment in the application of reflexive technologies are considered in the article, determined their role in teaching students. Reflective technologies are an important factor in self-development. Reflexive technologies are considered in the information and communication environment, which allows finding the necessary information, processing it and obtaining the result in the shortest possible time. Experimental research study with students was conducted at the University, where it was proved the influence of reflective technologies in the information and communication environment on the personal development of students and teachers.

Key words: reflection; reflective technology; information technology; feedback; experiment; learning activities; professional activities.

Irina S. Kraeva, Marina G. Sinyakova. Young specialist — personnel reserve of the modern school

Annotation. In this article the rationale and mechanism for the use of the HR strategy of the formation of the prospective reserve in the process of professional adaptation of young teachers.

Key words: Professional adaptation of young teachers, conditions of successful professional adaptation, personnel reserve.

 
Инновации и эксперимент в образовании